Maryland, known as the “Old Line State,” “Free State,” and sometimes the “Chesapeake Bay State,” holds an important place in U.S. history and culture. From its colonial roots to its modern-day significance, Maryland offers a rich tapestry of facts, figures, and stories. Here’s a detailed look at this Mid-Atlantic state.

Geography and Environment:

  • Location: Maryland is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S., bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Delaware to the east, Virginia to the south, and West Virginia to the west. It also has a significant coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Chesapeake Bay: This is the largest estuary in the U.S., playing a significant role in Maryland’s environment, economy, and culture. The bay has over 11,600 miles of shoreline, more than the entire U.S. West Coast.
  • State Flower & Tree: Maryland’s state flower is the Black-eyed Susan, while the White Oak is its state tree.


  • Colonial Beginnings: Established in 1632, Maryland was one of the original thirteen colonies, founded as a haven for English Catholics.
  • Civil War and the “Old Line State” Nickname: The term “Old Line State” stems from the Maryland Line, a regiment that served valiantly during the Revolutionary War. While Maryland was a slave state, it did not secede from the Union during the Civil War.


  • Blue Crabs: Maryland is famous for its blue crabs, harvested from the Chesapeake Bay. This industry, along with other seafood and agricultural products, has been vital to the state’s economy.
  • Federal Facilities: The state’s proximity to the nation’s capital has made it home to several federal agencies and institutions, such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Security Agency.

Culture and Lifestyle:

  • Maryland Renaissance Festival: One of the largest Renaissance festivals in the U.S., it attracts thousands every year to partake in the 16th-century English village setting.
  • Sports: Maryland has a rich sports culture, home to the Baltimore Ravens (NFL) and the Baltimore Orioles (MLB).

Education and Institutions:

  • Universities: The state houses several prestigious universities, including Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland.
  • U.S. Naval Academy: Located in Annapolis, this institution has been training officers for the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps since 1845.

Interesting Tidbits:

  • State Song Controversy: For many years, “Maryland, My Maryland” was the state’s song. However, its lyrics, which have Confederate sympathies, have been a source of contention.
  • State Sport: Jousting has the unique honor of being Maryland’s official state sport since 1962.
    Annapolis: The state capital, Annapolis, is known as the “Sailing Capital of the U.S.” It’s also notable for its well-preserved historic district.

Notable People:

  • Harriet Tubman: Born into slavery in Maryland, Tubman became a key figure in the Underground Railroad, aiding many slaves in their journey to freedom.
  • Thurgood Marshall: The first African-American Supreme Court Justice was a Baltimore native and played an integral role in the civil rights movement.


Maryland, while small in size, has played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s history, culture, and economy. Its strategic location, along with its diverse landscapes, ranging from the Appalachian Mountains to the sandy shores of the Atlantic, makes it a state with a rich past and a promising future. Whether you’re indulging in a crab feast or wandering through its historic neighborhoods, there’s no denying Maryland’s unique charm.