The Biden administration, in a significant development, has confirmed the selection of Greenbelt, Maryland, as the location for the new FBI headquarters. This decision, announced by the General Services Administration (GSA) on Wednesday, concludes a fiercely contested battle between Maryland and its neighboring state, Virginia. The suburban Washington site, approximately 20 kilometers northeast of the capital, emerged as the preferred choice after a detailed evaluation.

Robin Carnahan, the GSA administrator, expressed enthusiasm about the Greenbelt location, highlighting the intention to construct a state-of-the-art campus for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. She acknowledged the extensive, multi-year effort involving various agencies and stakeholders, including the GSA, Department of Justice (DOJ), FBI, Congress, and others, in reaching this significant milestone.

Selection Process and Location Benefits

The GSA highlighted several factors underpinning Greenbelt’s selection. Primarily, it offered the most economical option for taxpayers, superior transportation access for Federal Bureau of Investigation employees and visitors, and greater certainty regarding project delivery timelines. The need for a new headquarters has been under discussion for over a decade, with recent concerns raised by the FBI about the site selection process.

Senator Ben Cardin, a Democrat from Maryland, lauded the decision, emphasizing Greenbelt’s advantages in terms of mass transit accessibility and cost-effectiveness for taxpayers. Meanwhile, Maryland’s elected officials collectively praised the decision, viewing it as a non-political move fulfilling a critical need for a new consolidated FBI headquarters.

Governor Wes Moore of Maryland had actively advocated for the Greenbelt site. He argued that this choice aligned with President Biden’s equity goals and promised significant taxpayer savings, estimated at around $1 billion. The location in Prince George’s County, a predominantly Black area, also played a crucial role in the decision-making process.

Political Reactions and Further Developments

However, the announcement met with criticism and disappointment from Virginia’s leaders. Senator Mark Warner, a Democrat from Virginia, expressed concerns about potential political interference in the GSA’s established process. He, along with Senator Tim Kaine, felt that Virginia, being home to the FBI Academy, had presented a compelling case.

Republican Governor Glenn Youngkin of Virginia also expressed disappointment, noting Virginia’s recent successes in attracting major companies, including Amazon. The decision comes after the GSA’s July announcement altering the selection criteria, which now placed greater emphasis on cost and social equity and reduced the weightage for proximity to the FBI Academy.

The new headquarters will replace the aging J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., a topic of discussion for 15 years. Momentum for this project had stalled during Donald Trump’s presidency, with deliberations focusing on rebuilding the existing site. The two other finalists for the new location were Springfield, Virginia, and Landover, Maryland, with about 7,500 jobs linked to the new facility.

Current FBI Locations

The current headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C. This building is situated at 935 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, in the heart of the nation’s capital, between 9th and 10th Streets NW. The J. Edgar Hoover Building has served as the main headquarters of the FBI since it was opened in 1974. However, as noted in previous discussions, there are plans to move the headquarters to a new location in Greenbelt, Maryland, to replace the aging and increasingly inadequate facilities of the current building.